From its orbit, at an altitude of about 620 kilometres, PRISMA satellite observes the Earth on a global scale with different eyes, being equipped with innovative electro-optical instrumentation. The Italian satellite will look at the planet with the most powerful operative hyperspectral instrument in the world, able to work in numerous, narrow and contiguous bands arranged from the visible to the near infrared (VNIR, Visible and Near InfraRed) and up to the infrared shortwave (SWIR, Short Wave InfraRed).
PRISMA was developed by a Temporary Joint Venture of companies, led by OHB Italia, responsible for the mission and management of the three main segments (ground, flight and launch) and Leonardo, which built the electro-optical hyperspectral instrumentation in addition to on-board equipment such as solar panels and power supply unit.
PRISMA was launched on March 22, 2019, by Arianespace, on board a VEGA carrier, designed and conceived by AVIO, that took off from the European space base in Kourou (French Guiana).
On February 2022, Italian Space Agency has awarded a feasibility study for PRISMA Second Generation satellite to a temporary group of companies led by Thales Alenia Space, which joins forces with Telespazio, e-GEOS, Leonardo and SITAEL.
Thales Alenia Space will be responsible for the design of the end-to-end system and the new satellite, while Leonardo will be in charge of the new PRISMA Second Generation hyperspectral payload.